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On the ancient Greek and Roman architectural styles

What are their similarities and differences it? Features of the what is it? There are people who can help me understand it? Thank you

Posted on 2013-02-15 03:06:12

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Gothic architecture mainly by the stone skeleton composed of coupons and flying buttresses. The basic unit is a square or rectangular flat in the corners of the center pillar framework for the two-point tickets on all four sides and one diagonal, slate roof rack on the coupons, the formation of vault. In this way, you can make in different vector span the same high coupons, dome light, intersection is clear, the thrust of the foot to reduce the coupon to simplify the construction. As a result of sharp coupons, pointed arches and flying buttresses and other architectural forms, the Gothic church interior space Gaokuang, simple, unified. Decorative details are also vouchers for themes with a sharp, architectural style and structure approach to form an organic whole. Byzantine architectural features, has four main aspects: first is the roof shape, the widespread use of "dome top." The second prominent feature is the center of the overall shape. Byzantine architecture in general, building the center of the composition, often very prominent, and that both high volume and large dome, often the center of the whole architectural composition surrounding the central part, surrounded by orderly and often set some coordinate with the small parts. The third characteristic is that it has created the dome support structure in a separate side column method and the corresponding centralized building shapes. The typical practice is to send the sides in the square plane tickets between the four coupons to the diagonal diameter masonry dome, as if a complete dome is sent in coupons cut from four sides, its weight entirely by the four Voucher commitment, so that was a great interior space of freedom. The fourth characteristic is the use of color, not only pay attention to changes, but also pay attention to unity, the building interior and exterior facades look dazzling. Roman-style: Roman architecture Roman architecture the Romans along the Apennine peninsula, the Etruscans learning construction techniques, inheritance architectural achievements of ancient Greece, in architectural form, technical and artistic aspects of a wide range of innovative architectural style . ~ Roman architecture in the third century AD At its height, to reach the peak of the western ancient architecture. Many types of Roman architecture. Roman Pantheon, Temple of Venus and Rome, and the Sun Temple of Baalbek and other religious buildings, there are palaces, arena theater, baths and the Square and Basilica (Basilica), and other public buildings. Residential apartment building with the court, the Circuit Court of column type and a combination of residential homes, there are four, five-story apartment house. The shape of Roman secular buildings are quite mature, and function combine well. For example, large parts of the Roman Empire Theatre, the auditorium was semicircular flat, rising by row to the main longitudinal aisle, across the road, supplemented. No votes from the audience at different entrance, stairs to reach the district seat. Flow does not cross, everything is convenient. High from the stage, orchestra pit in front, followed by make-up buildings, make-floor facade is the background of the stage, protruding forward ends to form the prototype of the Taiwan population, has been building with the modern large-scale performances of the basic shapes similar. Common standards for multi-unit apartment Rome. Some ground floor apartment set up shop, and a balcony upstairs tenants. This shape is also broadly similar to modern apartments. From the theater, arena, beach and look at apartments, shape, architectural design this technology was already well-developed science. Roman architect Vitruvius wrote, "Building Ten Books" is a summary of the science. Roman architecture can meet the functional requirements of complex, mainly rely on high levels of arch structure, access to a wide interior space. Palatine hill Fulai Wei dynasty palace main hall of the cylindrical arch span of 29.3 meters. Pantheon dome diameter of 43.3 meters. The middle of the first century AD, the concept of a cross arch, which covers a square building space, the weight of the dome to focus on the four corners baidunzi without continuous load-bearing walls, and therefore more open space. Some cross the arch with tubular arch, dome together, covering the complex internal space. Royal Baths of the Roman Empire is representative of this combination. City Center Square, east of the Roman basilica of Constantine, the central cross with three arches, span 25.3 meters, 40 meters high, around each of three 23.5-meter span arch barrel resistance level of thrust, the high level structure . Arena Theatre and the huge audience, but also stand on the complex arch system. Arch structure has been promoted because of the use of high strength, easy construction and low price ash concrete. About the second century BC, which became an independent building materials of concrete, to the first century BC, almost completely replace the stone for the building arch, but also for construction of the wall. Common side tapered surface layer of concrete blocks or triangular brick protection, add a touch of gray or a paste layer of a layer of marble slabs; also in the concrete wall and then assemble a wall to do before the surface layer of the practice. Roman architecture of the wooden structure has a considerable level technology, capable of distinguishing the truss rod and bar. Rome basilica of Trajan, wood truss span of 25 meters. The construction of the first century AD Roman arena that can accommodate fifty thousand spectators, only 5 to 6 years to built. It was built in a lake filled up, but actually there is no significant ground subsidence. Built in the middle of the second century temple of Baalbek the sun, surrounded by 45 columns, each 19.6 meters high, bottom diameter of 2 meters, are made with a single piece of granite processing. 8 meters above the back wall of the temple, three pieces of the puzzle about 500 tons of big rocks is obvious that the large lifting capacity. Public baths generally have central heating facilities. Heat from the fire room smoke and heat out through the floor of each hall, the plaster in the clay pipes in and crown, distributing heat. According to Vitruvius, "Building Ten Books," recorded under the seat theater resonance buried copper urns, in order to improve sound quality. In addition, no later than mid-1st century AD, has

2013-02-15 03:06:12
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